In my opinion, it is a very good point to clarify everything from the teacher’s point of view through the first article. Nowadays, many college professors only talk coldly about what they need to teach students in class, but they lack the most basic interaction with students. A lot of people just sit in the classroom and don’t have much communication with other students. I think it loses the meaning of learning. Similarly, I do not agree with Stommel. If the professor plays a good role in teaching, students will change from passive learning to active learning. It is very important to choose a good education style, and both online and face-to-face classes have their own advantages. If it were me, I would still choose face-to-face teaching, which can shorten the relationship between students and teachers and make students feel more fun of learning. 

The concept of hybrid learning is very interesting. “The nature and pace of social changes associated with emerging information and communication technologies represent a significant challenge to educational adaptation. This may be the biggest challenge facing higher education. In particular, the challenge is to adopt appropriate information and communication technologies in the classroom. Emerging social media technologies are catalysts to rethink what we do in higher education classes.” (Vaughan,2013). With the advent of COVID-19, all courses have moved online. I think it’s a good attempt, but it’s a last resort. Although online learning brings us convenience, it also loses the pleasure of face-to-face learning. Besides, as a student, I have to say that online learning has many “benefits” : we can communicate with our classmates and even go to Google when we have exams. It does seem to help students to get a satisfactory result, but in fact we lose more opportunities to learn and acquire knowledge. I hope that students can have self-control and refuse this kind of behavior. Face-to-face teaching can enable us to learn knowledge better, but it has to be said that online learning is no lack of a new attempt. 

For the last article, the Jesse wants to educate students through their background, hobbies and lifestyle. However, the source from which to obtain such information is a problem. May be school or teacher through some ways side got some information about the students, but this belongs to or does not belong to steal, we don’t know how to define, although the idea is good, but because the student groups, and because the personal privacy problem, this method also had to give up. 



Regan, P., & Jesse, J. (2019). Ethical challenges of edtech, big data and personalized learning: Twenty-first century student sorting and tracking. Ethics and Information Technology, 21(3), 167-179. DOI: 10.1007/s10676-018-9492-2 

Stommel, J. (2018). An urgency of teachers: The work of critical digital pedagogy.

Hybrid Pedagogy. Vaughan, N. D., Garrison, D. R., & Cleveland-Innes, M. (2013). Teaching in blended learning environments: Creating and sustaining communities of inquiry. AU Press. [Chapter 1]